IDEA Part C - Early Intervention Services for Infants and Toddlers

Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA): Part C – Early Intervention program for infants and toddlers provides a broad array of services to children with special needs, birth through three years of age, and their families. For information about services in your area contact your local Children's Integrated Services Coordinator.


Children grow and develop differently and at their own pace. The period from birth to age three is a critical time in a child's development and an important time for parents to have accurate information and consistent support close at hand.

Acknowledging that families are central to the lives of children and that parents know best what they want for themselves and their children, Vermont is committed to providing early intervention services and supports in a way that recognizes the expertise and experience of families and promotes collaboration between families and service providers.


Families who are eligible for services through the IDEA – Part C early intervention services include children ages birth to three years old who are experiencing developmental delays or who have a diagnosed condition that has a high probability of resulting in a developmental delay.

There are approximately 20,000 children ages birth to three in Vermont. Based on estimated prevalence, approximately 3% (or 600 children) might be eligible for early intervention services. Currently, Approximately 400 infants and toddlers are receiving early intervention services statewide (2% of the birth to three population).


IDEA – Part C early intervention services brings together families and service providers from many aspects of the community, including public and private agencies, parent child centers, local school districts, and private providers. Supports and services come together to meet each child's unique needs and the needs of their family in their home and community. Payment for services comes from a variety of sources, including insurance, Medicaid, participating agencies, local schools, family cost share, etc. By assisting in the coordination of locally available services, Children’s Integrated Services is working to ensure that Vermont's young children and their families have access to the widest possible array of early intervention services.

Early intervention services may include the following:

  • Audiology
  • Assistive Technology
  • Counseling/Psychological
  • Family training, counseling and home visits
  • Medical Evaluation (for diagnostic purposes only)
  • Nursing
  • Nutrition
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Physical Therapy
  • Service Coordination
  • Social Work
  • Special Instruction
  • Speech/Language
  • Transportation
  • Vision

Parental Rights

Parent have rights to specific services and processes though this program. Learn more about your rights.

Child and Family Outcomes

Child Outcomes Step by Step (Run time: 8:42)
The Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) has adopted a set of three child outcomes. These outcomes address three areas of child functioning necessary for each child to be an active and successful participant at home, in the community, and in other places like a child care program or preschool. All State early intervention (Part C) and preschool special education (Part B/619) programs report on the progress that they make each year toward these outcomes as one part of their Annual Performance Report (APR). This video describes and illustrates the three child outcomes. This video is a collaborative presentation of Results Matter, Colorado Department of Education, the Desired Results access Project, Napa County Office of Education, funded by the California Department of Education, Special Education Division, and the Early Childhood Outcomes Center, funded by the Office of Special Education Programs.

Link to the video’s home page is here:

Interagency Coordinating Council (ICC)

The mission of the Vermont Interagency Coordinating Council is to advise and assist the Vermont Child Development Division to ensure the development and implementation of a statewide system of early intervention services for families and their infants and toddlers with special needs. The system includes parents as equal partners and is:

  • Family-centered
  • Community-based
  • Interdisciplinary
  • Collaborative across agencies

For more information about the council contact

Terry MdLaughlin
280 State Drive
Waterbury VT 05671-1040
802-769-2085 (FAX)

The co-chairs of the council are:  
James Austin, Parent Co-Chair
15 Center Bay Rd
Alburgh VT 05440

Kathleen Mason, Professional Co-Chair
1283 Taylor Hill Rd
Brookfield VT 05036


Transition at Age Three

Some children will leave early intervention before or at age three and be part of community programs and activities without specialized supports or services. Others may continue to need support and may be eligible for Essential Early Education services through their local school district. Before a child turns three, parents and other members of the team plan for this transition. The service coordinator assists the family in gathering information about resources available and may serve as a link between early intervention services and other services which may be planned for as the child approaches his/her third birthday. The planning process begins at least three months before the child's third birthday so the family may become familiar with their public school's Essential Early Education personnel, private preschool opportunities and other options in their community.

Resources for Transitions:

All About Me Form
All About Me Form Sample

Chart of differences between Part C/FITP and Essential Early Education

Research on Strategies to Support Transition for Children with Special Needs

The National Early Childhood Transition Center (NECTC)

The primary objective of NECTC is to investigate and validate practices and strategies that enhance the early childhood transition process and support positive school outcomes for children with disabilities. This objective will be met through four inter-related research activities.


The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) - Part C - provides for early intervention services for infants and toddlers with disabilities and their families. Implementation of early intervention services in Vermont is through Children’s Integrated Services, a family-centered coordinated system of early intervention services. These services are provided by the Vermont Department of Education (DOE) and the Vermont Department for Children and Families (DCF). Click here to view the current interagency agreement between DOE and DCF.